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Scientists Quantify Connection Between Zika Infection And Microcephaly

Novel research recently published in the journal PLOS Medicine stated that women with Zika virus in pregnancy are about 17 times more probable to have a baby with microcephaly. This research was carried out by scientists at Oliver Brady of the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, UK, and associates.

In 2015, more than estimated rates of microcephaly in infants were reported in northeast Brazil. This situation was matched with a Zika virus infection outbreak in the America and researchers found a link between the two. But, the insignificant rates of microcephaly afterward observed in other regions of Brazil headed to indications of alternative reasons or cofactors existing in northeast Brazil. In the latest study, scientists combined data from numerous national reporting databases in Brazil to bring together data on about hypothesized or about 9 known reasons of microcephaly for all births in the country between 2015 and 2017.

On a similar note, scientists from the University of Barcelona (UB) came into the news as they revealed that, with huge sequencing techniques for the foremost time, they have analyzed the development of the Hepatitis A virus. The results of this research are accessible in the journal EBioMedicine. The research shows the presence of variants of the virus that might flee the effects of the vaccine. It was headed by the Research Group on Enteric Viruses of the UB, in association with the Public Health Agency of Barcelona (ASPB) and Vall d’Hebron Research Institute (VHIR).

This research can lead to suggestions in the vaccination guidelines against this disease. It counts on the contribution of the lecturers Albert Bosch, Aurora Sabrià, Rosa Maria Pintó, and Susana Guix. All of them work at the Department of Genetics, Microbiology, and Statistics of the Faculty of Biology of the UB.